Safety Ratings of Cars in INDIA: BNCAP (BHARAT NEW CAR ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) | [English]

INDIA is introducing crash test safety ratings of cars BNCAP

According to reports on traffic accidents for 2019, almost 1.5 lakh people die on these roads each year. The circumstance could be greatly unpleasant if the reformist-led Government of India is in power. The Honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi is committed to achieving a 50% reduction in this figure by the year 2024. Numerous safety-related initiatives are being accelerated in this regard, and numerous new projects have been started.

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The Honorable Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Road Transport and Highways is well aware that providing safe road infrastructure and safer automobiles will help to meet the goal of improving road safety. In order to ensure that cars meet the highest safety standards, the Minister of Road Transport and Highways has over the past few years established a variety of necessary measures to improve the safety of the vehicles. These include, among other things, airbags, crash tests, and seat belt reminders.

The Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR), 1989 mandate that every new car model in India pass the required test. This is a requirement in order to allow automobiles to operate on Indian roads. When deciding to buy a new car, Indian car buyers are increasingly prioritizing safer cars with better safety features. The Indian government is aware of the need to push OEMs to keep improving vehicle safety as well as the necessity for prospective automobile owners to be able to research the safety rating of a vehicle before making a purchase choice.

The Bharat New Car Assessment Program (BNCAP) was launched by the Indian government in light of this. As part of this initiative, vehicles marketed in India will be put through tests to determine how well they perform in terms of structural integrity, adult and child occupant safety, and safety aid technologies.

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Consequently, a safety star rating will be given to the vehicle based on how well it performed in these tests. By providing information and ratings based on the safety performance of the car, this safety star rating will help car purchasers. Customers will find this useful while choosing whether to buy a car. These updated star ratings will also motivate automakers to upgrade their vehicles’ structural integrity, add safety systems, and give additional safety features.

As a result, it is anticipated that this program will give all parties involved the vehicle system they need to increase the car’s safety levels above and beyond the required standards. These much-needed updates would encourage healthy company cultures among automakers, who would soon fight to design and produce stronger, safer cars in order to remain competitive in the market. In the near future, the nation will undoubtedly develop into a market for vehicles that prioritize safety.

For the time being, a draft notification for the implementation of BNCAP has been published by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. In addition to the AIS-197 draft testing standard. Beginning on April 1, 2023, BNCAP would be completely operational with its safety ratings.

The improvement of safety features in automobiles is anticipated to reduce the number of fatalities that occur on Indian roads each year. The safety of every Indian is becoming a major issue as the world looks up to India for its meteoric growth in the global economic scene.

Vehicle Eligibility under Bharat NCAP

The Automotive Industry Standard (AIS) 197 is followed by the Bharat NCAP crash test program. The M1 category contains automobiles that weigh less than 3.5 tonnes, can carry up to eight people in addition to the driver, and are either domestically produced or imported into India. The program’s scope expands the safety evaluation’s focus to include CNG and electric vehicles in addition to traditional combustion-engine vehicles.

Bharat NCAP: Process of Evaluation

The following processes must be taken in order to evaluate a vehicle under Bharat NCAP:

Automakers put out a certain car model for nomination.

A base variation is chosen by the BNCAP team by random sampling, and it is then sent by the manufacturer to the testing facility.

Crash Testing: The chosen vehicle is put through crash testing in front of the BNCAP team and officials from the auto industry.

Compilation and Approval of Results: The manufacturer is informed of the test results after they have been prepared and approved by the BNCAP standing committee.

Publication and Certification: Following standing committee approval, BNCAP publishes the vehicle’s star ratings and crash test data, and the Central Institute of Road Transport (CIRT) awards certification.

Adult and child occupant protection is examined as part of the Bharat NCAP evaluation process, which also takes into account the use of safety aid systems. The Frontal Impact Test (Offset Deformable Barrier), Side Impact Test, and Pole Side Impact Test are all crash tests that are important for vehicles with ratings of three to five stars. The 64 kph testing speed complies with international standards and guarantees thorough safety evaluations.

The safety assist technology criteria are essential for determining each rating in addition to the crash test specifications. These requirements cover particular safety features like the Electronic Stability Program (ESP), measures for all vehicles to safeguard pedestrians, and seat belt reminders for the front row (3-4-5-star ratings).

India has enhanced its position as a global pioneer in road safety by introducing Bharat NCAP and reaffirming its commitment to developing safer roads.

Raising national vehicle safety standards is the goal of India’s domestic vehicle safety rating system, which will go into effect on October 1, 2023.


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