ONE NATION ONE ELECTION: BENEFIT AND DRAWBACK, KNOW EVERYTHING ABOUT IT

The ‘One Nation One Election’ measure could be introduced by the national government in the legislature. Let’s examine the benefits and drawbacks of holding elections concurrently.

The ‘One Nation One Election’ law may be introduced by the central government, headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, during the special session of Parliament that will take place from September 18 to 22 and was unexpectedly summoned by Union Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Pralhad Joshi.

ONE NATION ONE ELECTION: WHAT IS IT?

‘One Nation One Election’ refers to the concept of holding elections simultaneously across the nation. This indicates that the Lok Sabha and all state assemblies will be elected concurrently throughout India, with voting likely taking place at roughly the same time.

Currently, elections for the Lok Sabha and state assemblies are held independently, either when the current government’s five-year tenure finishes or if it is overthrown for a variety of reasons.

THE BENEFITS OF ONE NATION ONE ELECTION

The financial savings associated with holding simultaneous elections would be one of the main benefits. A staggering Rs 60,000 crore, according to sources, was spent on the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. The sum comprises expenditures made by both the Election Commission of India (ECI) and political parties engaged in electoral campaigning.

In addition, proponents of simultaneous voting contend that because the country’s administrative structure slows down significantly during voting, doing so will boost efficiency.

Elections have an impact on routine administrative tasks since officials must conduct polling.

Additionally, it will support maintaining continuity in the policies and initiatives of the federal and state governments. Currently, anytime elections are scheduled, the Model Code of Conduct is implemented, prohibiting the start of new public welfare projects at that time.

 

The Law Commission added that because it will be more easy for voters to cast their votes all at once, simultaneous elections will increase voter turnout.

DRAWBACKS OF ONE NATION ONE ELECTION

Constitutional changes would be necessary to align the tenure of the state legislative assemblies with those of the Lok Sabha in order to hold simultaneous elections. It will also be necessary to change other legislative procedures as well as the Representation of the People Act.

Regional parties’ main concern with concurrent elections is that they won’t be able to effectively address local issues since national issues will take center stage. Additionally, they wouldn’t be able to compete with national parties in terms of campaign spending and strategy.

In addition, a 2015 study by the IDFC Institute indicated that if elections are held simultaneously, there is a 77% likelihood that voters will select the same winning political party or alliance in the state assembly and the Lok Sabha. However, just 61% of voters would select the same party if elections were conducted six months apart.

Simultaneous elections are also feared to threaten the federalism of the nation.

One nation one election

WHO BACKGROUNDS THE IDEA OF ONE NATION ONE ELECTION?

Up until 1967, simultaneous elections for the Lok Sabha and state legislatures were the norm in India. However, when various legislative bodies were prematurely dissolved in 1968 and 1969, as well as the Lok Sabha in 1970, things changed.

Ten years later, in 1983, the Election Commission advocated holding simultaneous elections once more. However, the commission claimed in its annual report that the previous administration decided against it. The Law Commission study from 1999 advocated for simultaneous elections as well.

The Bharatiya Janata Party, which said in its election program for the 2014 Lok Sabha election that it would work to develop a means of holding the polls simultaneously to maintain stability for state governments, provided the most recent push.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi brought up the topic once more in 2016. The Niti Aayog issued a working paper the next year on the suggestion for simultaneous elections.

The Law Commission stated that at least “five Constitutional recommendations” must be met in order to hold concurrent elections in 2018.

ONE NATION ONE ELECTION

PM Modi met with the leaders of several political parties just one month after taking office for the second time in 2019 to discuss simultaneous elections. Aam Aadmi Party, Telugu Desam Party, and Bharat Rashtra Samithi sent members, while the Congress, Trinamool Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party, Samajwadi Party, and Dravida Munnetra Kazhakam abstained from the meeting.

Sushil Chandra, who was in charge of overseeing elections at the time, stated in 2022 that the Election Commission was ready and equipped to hold concurrent elections. He asserted that, in order to put the theory into action, the Constitution must be changed, and this change must be approved by Parliament.

The Law Commission requested input on the idea to hold simultaneous elections in the nation in December 2022 from various parties, including national political parties, the Election Commission of India, bureaucrats, academics, and experts.

ONE NATION ONE ELECTION

AND WHO IS AGAINST THE IDEA OF ONE NATION ONE ELECTION?

contravention leaders have rejected the proposal, calling it undemocratic and in contravention to the tenets of democracy, ever since Prime Minister Modi began promoting “One Nation, One Election.” AAP claimed in January of this year that the BJP was advocating simultaneous elections to switch from the parliamentary to the presidential form of government.

In response to reports that the “One Nation, One Election” law may be submitted in Parliament, Shiv Sena (UBT) MP Priyanka Chaturvedi warned on Thursday that her party would “protest” if the legislation were to be implemented without engaging the relevant parties.

Sanjay Singh, an AAP lawmaker, claimed that the central government was considering holding simultaneous polls because the “BJP is scared after seeing that they lost three state elections”.

The Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Janata Dal (United), and the Samajwadi Party were among the other INDIA bloc parties to oppose the proposal.

To Know about National Sports Day, Click here.

Leave a Comment